Stretch marks are linear atrophic cicatrices which are localized mainly on a skin of mammary glands, a stomach, hips, breeches.
Why they appear? The matter is that elasticity and elasticity of a skin is defined by original fibrous “skeleton” (it is set of fibers of collagen and elastin and also intercellular substance) which gives the chance to a skin to be stretched, counteract external factors, to keep the beautiful appearance. The special locating of fibers frames a smooth, normal relief of a skin. Unfortunately, often fibrous structure of a skin is broken (fibers are blasted or deformed, or their synthesis) is broken.
When it happens?
During pregnancy (the growing tummy causes a skin stretching, at some instant fibers don’t maintain and are torn – later on a place of the damaged skin the connecting tissue develops)
At a fast set of weight (the skin “is not in time” behind a growing fatty tissue)
Because of hormonal reorganizations (the teenage period, pregnancy, a climacterium, reception of corticosteroid preparations); disturbances of hormonal sphere (endocrine pathologies is a syndrome and illness of Kushing – diseases of adrenals and them regulatory pituitary body-gipotalamusa systems). In this case marks can appear both at men, and at women.
The genetic predisposition also plays a role in occurrence of stretch marks
How they look?
In the beginning of the development they are of bright-pink color, frequent with a cyanotic shade. Such color is caused by active germination of vessels (vascularization) is the period of fresh extensions which lasts about 6-12 months. Then there is a tissue blanching, the extension surface becomes shining, on a structure similar to a tissue paper. Its color is lighter a surrounding normal skin as the cicatricle tissue of an extension doesn’t contain pigment cells of melanocytes and melanin. For the same reason, when the surrounding skin sunbathes, extensions remain white.
How to struggle with them?
Actually it is that case when preventive maintenance is more effective.
During pregnancy it is important to support elasticity of a skin with the help of special preventive creams on the basis of vegetable oils (jojoba, olive, and almond), vitamins (E) or pure vegetable oils. It is important correctly to pick up and special wear (puerperal) the bandage which protects a skin from a restretching, helps to keep a normal posture. Also it is necessary to watch the ration, including in the menu products which improve quality of a skin (sea fish – contains qualitative irreplaceable fat acids, rasping bread (group vitamins, vegetable oils and nuts (vitamins A, Е, zinc), greens (vitamins, selenium).
Certainly, all the reference is clear to watch the weight and to avoid its sharp fluctuations.
Parents of teenagers should be especially attentive: their hormonal system roughly develops, level of development of sexual hormones and hormones of adrenals fluctuates that can lead to a fast set of weight and occurrence of marks. Therefore in such cases it is necessary to consult at the endocrinologist.
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